面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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陕西省镐京遗址初次发现西汉道路及车辙遗迹******考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  镐京遗址14号建筑基址挖掘当场。

  11月16日,陕西考古学家研究所公布信息,通过的2个本年度的考古发现,考古学工作人员在曾是西周都城所在城市的镐京遗址内,发现了西汉大中型建筑基址、路面、陶污水管道、祭祀坑等关键遗址,为进一步科学研究镐京遗址高级建筑的遍布及国都合理布局等带来了材料。

  镐京遗址是西周都城所在城市,坐落于陕西西安沣西新城沣东新城斗门街道办事处管辖区内,东距西安市区约20千米。遗址遍布在沣河东岸二手房的白家庄、花园村、官庄村、普渡村、上(下)泉村、落入水中村等村庄,现有占地面积约9.2平方千米。

  2018年夏,陕西考古学家研究所镐京考古工作者在镐京遗址官庄村南勘查发现了一座占地面积达1800平方米的西汉大中型瓦片建筑基址(序号镐京14号建筑),这也是继20个世纪80时代至今在镐京遗址勘查发现11座西汉瓦片建筑基址以后的又一次关键发现。

  2019年春,经文物局准许,镐京考古工作者逐渐对14号建筑基址开展考古发现,目地是弄清该建筑的经营规模、型制、构造、特性、应用和废旧时代,及其与附近别的西汉大中型瓦片建筑基址的关联等。

  14号建筑基址坐落于镐京遗址中西部地区滈河故道(又被称为“沣水支津”)龙洲湾的郿坞岭堡垒,与镐京5号、11号西汉建筑基址距离不够一百米,应是同一组建筑。

考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  陶排水管道正射影像。

考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  陶自来水管。

  据统计,镐京14号建筑的瓦片基址整体略呈朝南北方向的长方型,约长53米,宽约34米,占地面积达1800平方米,是一座高级的大中型建筑。建筑基址的南边及中西部地区储存比较不错,在瓦片地基以上,留存有大致呈东面排序的夯土基8道。房屋共8间,在其中正中间2间较宽敞,为主导室(厅),两边各3间,房屋窄小,为宅子,与20个世纪80时代中后期挖掘的镐京西汉五号宫室的宅子总宽大致同样。在建筑基址东南部边沿发现一段将近3米高的陶污水管道,由四节一头大、一头小的环形陶自来水管扣接而成。陶自来水管外饰绳纹,内为素面,直径大约25公分,长短不一,是丰镐遗址(丰京和镐京并称之为“丰镐”)现阶段发现的储存较好的污水管道,为科学研究该建筑的排水设备给予了实体材料。

考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  莎草纸铺装的房子洒水。

  发现的房子洒水坐落于建筑基址南边边沿的正中间部位,大致呈东面,用碎莎草纸铺装而成,稍向外(南)侧歪斜。该洒水是丰镐遗址初次发现的房子建筑洒水,为科学研究14号建筑的房檐外排水管道设备给予了实体材料。

考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  西汉路面及车撤。

  非常值得关心的是,此次挖掘在建筑基址的南端发现了一条西汉路面,地面距现地面约1.4米,大致呈东面,显现出的长短约30米,宽约6米。在地面上发现一道约长12米、宽约0.10米、深约0.08米的车撤。权威专家称,这也是镐京遗址第一次发现的西汉路面及车撤遗址,为科学研究都城里路面的建造状况、车子应用及其与附近建筑的关联等带来了关键实体材料。

考古新发现!镐京遗址首次发现西周道路遗迹

  祭祀坑。

  除此之外,在建筑基址东南面发现一座略呈长方型的祭祀坑,内埋较多牛、羊、猪、鹿的颅骨及小量小动物肢骨,古小动物调查权威专家干了当场评定,文化遗产保护技术专业工作人员也对某些小动物骨开展了获取,将在试验室做进一步的评定、检验和科学研究。因牛、羊、猪、鹿等小动物颅骨与周朝君王祭拜乾坤、先祖、神明时最高级的贡品“太牢”用牲类型可相匹配,为分辨该座建筑或周边建筑的应用特性给予了关键材料。权威专家推断在该点西汉大中型建筑的遍布地区内,很有可能有国家级别的宗庙存有,而距该座祭祀坑近期的14号建筑为宗庙的可能比较大。

  据了解,通过几年来的考古发现,镐京考古工作者基本上弄清了这座西汉大中型建筑基址的范围尺寸、型制构造、应用时代等,是30很多年来丰镐遗址建筑考古学获得的一项主要成效,进一步丰富多彩了镐京遗址大中型瓦片建筑基址的考古学材料,对科学研究西汉宫室或礼乐制度建筑的遍布、建筑技术性、历史时间考古学及国都合理布局等有着核心实际意义。据中央电视台。

Merkel's political career deeply rooted in her upbringing******

Angela Merkel, née Angela Dorothea Kasner, was born on July 17, 1954, in Hamburg, West Germany, where her father was a theology student and her mother a teacher of Latin and English.。

The family relocated to East Germany just weeks after Merkel's birth, when tens of thousands were heading the other way.。

In grade 8, she won a prize in a Russian competition, and at the age of 14, she began to attend international mathematics Olympiad in East Europe.。

In 1973, she began studying physics at Karl Marx University (now the University of Leipzig). She met her first husband, Ulrich Merkel, while attending an event in the Soviet Union in 1974.。

They married in 1977 and divorced in 1982, though she kept his last name, even after Merkel married her longtime companion, chemistry professor Joachim Sauer, her mentor in doctoral studies, in 1998.。

Sauer, professor of quantum chemistry at Berlin's Humboldt University before his retirement in 2017, has kept out of the public eye.。

After earning her degree in 1978, she worked at the Central Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in East Berlin, earning a doctorate in 1986 in physical chemistry.。

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Merkel joined the newly founded Democratic Awakening, becoming the party's press spokesperson in February 1990.。

In the first post-reunification election in December 1990, Merkel won a seat in the Bundestag, and was appointed minister for women and youth by Chancellor Helmut Kohl in January 1991.。

Merkel was elected the CDU's deputy chairman in 1991. After the 1994 election Merkel became minister of environment, conservation, and reactor safety.。

In late 1999, a finance scandal hit the CDU, implicating Kohl. Merkel, Kohl's former protegee, called upon the party to make a fresh start. On April 10, 2000, Merkel was elected head of the CDU, becoming the first woman and the first non-Catholic to lead the party.。

Although Merkel had hoped to stand as a candidate for chancellor in the 2002 election, a majority of her party expressed a preference for Edmund Stoiber of the Christian Social Union (CSU), the CDU's sister party in Bavaria. The CDU-CSU block narrowly lost the election, and Merkel became leader of the opposition.。

CFP。

In this file combination of photos taken on December 30, 2017 shows German chancellor Angela Merkel posing after the recording of her annual New Year's speech at the Chancellery in Berlin (bottom row right to left) 2005- 2008, (second row right-left) 2009-2012, (third row right to left) 2013-2014, (top row right to left) 2015-2016 and (center, top) 2017.。

First term。

The September 2005 election eventually led the CDU-CSU and the SPD to settle on a "grand coalition" government with Merkel at its head. On November 22, 2005, Merkel took office as chancellor, becoming the first woman, the first East German, and, at age 51, the youngest person for the office.。

Second term。

After the parliamentary elections held in September 2009, with the SDP posting its worst performance since 1949, Merkel was re-elected and formed a government with the Free Democratic Party (FDP). Merkel's second term was largely characterized by her role in responding to the euro-zone debt crisis, controversially embracing austerity as the path to recovery.。

Third term。

Although the CDU-CSU alliance won an impressive victory in the September 2013 federal election, after more than two months of negotiations, Merkel secured an agreement with the SDP to form another grand coalition government.。

The struggling European economy continued to loom large, aggravated by Europe's gravest refugee crisis since World War II. Despite her earlier pledge, Merkel reintroduced border controls with Austria in September 2015.。

Over 1 million migrants entered Germany in 2015, and Merkel's party paid a steep political price.。

Fourth term。

Two-thirds of SPD voters approved the proposed government in March 2018, officially securing Merkel's fourth term. Later in October 2018 a dismal CDU regional election performance led Merkel to announce her intention to step down as chancellor at the end of her fourth term.。

Merkel's style of government has been characterized by pragmatism, although critics have accused her of lacking a clear stance and ideology.。

She demonstrated her willingness to adopt the positions of her political opponents if they proved effective, as testified to by Merkel's decision to phase out nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima accident in 2011, a dramatic reverse of her previous pro-nuclear power stance expected of a scientist.。

When German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier recently thanked Merkel for steering the country through difficult times, particularly during her final four-year term, he mentioned the coronavirus pandemic, Brexit, and a US government under President Donald Trump that he said "had little to no interest in the international order and trans-Atlantic partnership."

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China's Mid******

BEIJING, Sept. 22 (Xinhua) -- China's box office revenue of the three-day Mid-Autumn Festival holiday ending Tuesday was 497 million yuan (76.82 million U.S. dollars), showed data by box office tracker Beacon on Wednesday.

It was against over 800 million yuan scored during the same holiday in 2019 before COVID-19 struck.

Disaster movie "Cloudy Mountain" topped this year's Mid-Autumn Festival holiday ticket sales chart with 214 million yuan, accounting for over 40 percent of the total.

Family drama "All About My Mother" that debuted on Sept. 19 came in second with nearly 73 million yuan, followed by the U.S. action film "Free Guy" that garnered 53 million yuan at the holiday box office.

Hong Kong-set action film "Raging Fire" pocketed 45.56 million yuan, an amount similar to that achieved by "To Be With You," a romance movie that opened on Sunday.

Takings from the holiday helped China's total box office this year surge past 34 billion yuan, according to Beacon. Enditem

Countdown to Beijing 2022******

WARSAW, Nov. 9 (Xinhua) -- The coach of Poland women's ice hockey team Ivan Bednar has emphasized that "the main goal of his players is to secure a ticket to Beijing."

On Thursday, Poland will play their first match in the Olympic qualification tournament in Chomutov, the Czech Republic. Bednar's team will face hosts Czech Republic, Hungary and Norway. Only the winner will get the Olympic ticket.。

"A tough challenge awaits us as we fight for something big. The Czech Republic is certainly the favorite to win the tournament. They are the highest-ranked. They have a lot of forwards playing in the best leagues in the world and they will play at the home ground," Bodnar explained in the interview with local media on Tuesday.。

Poland still dreams about their first Olympic performance at the women's hockey tournament. The team was created in 2011.。

"At the 2019 IIHF Women's World Championship Division I Group B competition in Beijing, we finished third. We believe we could beat every team. I regret that in 2020 the championship had to be canceled due to the pandemic. However, we are ready for the Olympic tournament, at this level you don't have easy games in the schedule," he added.。

The United States, Canada, Finland, the Russian Olympic Committee, Switzerland and Japan will play at the Olympic tournament as the top six women's teams in the world ranking, while China secure a spot as the hosts.。

The three qualifying winners will join these teams. The tournaments of three groups will be held on November 11-14 in the Czech Republic, Germany and Sweden. Enditem。

拜登签署芯片法案,给汽车芯片提供专项基金

1.海南:现已安排包机56架次 多举措帮助旅客安全回家

2.深度 普京明天访问伊朗,“对美国的侧翼包抄”?

3.首次披露!美航母舰长:“中国舰艇经常在南海尾随我们”

4.印度反对无效?斯里兰卡已重新批准中国测量船靠港

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