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時間:2022-08-18 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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双语热点:从火星、月球到元宇宙 马斯克打造的“科幻世界”******

马斯克曾公开表示,人类生活在所谓真实世界的概率只有十亿分之一。换句话说,他认为人类极大概率生活在模拟世界当中。不过,马斯克似乎并未急于打破这种束缚,而是在以火星、月球以及元宇宙等为核心,构建属于自己的科幻世界,并将我们所有人都困于其中。

Elon Musk Is Building a Sci-Fi World, and the Rest of Us Are Trapped in It

The last week of October, Bill Gates (net worth: $138 billion) celebrated his 66th birthday in a cove off the coast of Turkey, ferrying guests from his rented yacht to a beach resort by private helicopter. Guests, according to local reports, included Jeff Bezos (net worth: $197 billion), who after the party flew back to his own yacht, not to be confused with the “superyacht” he is building at a cost of more than $500 million.

10月的最后一周,比尔·盖茨(净资产:1380亿美元)在土耳其海岸一个小海湾庆祝66岁生日,用私人直升机将客人从他租来的游艇送到一个海滩度假村。宾客包括杰夫·贝佐斯(净资产1970亿美元),派对结束后,他坐飞机回了自己的游艇,不过别弄混了,这还不是他正在建造的那艘价值超5亿美元的“超级游艇”。

The world’s richest person, Elon Musk (net worth: $317 billion), did not attend. He was most likely in Texas, where his company SpaceX was preparing for a rocket launch. Mark Zuckerberg (net worth: $119 billion) wasn’t there, either, but the day after Mr. Gates’s party, he announced his plan for the metaverse, a virtual reality where, wearing a headset and gear that closes out the actual world, you can spend your day as an avatar doing things like going to parties on remote Aegean islands or boarding a yacht or flying in a rocket, as if you were obscenely rich.

世界首富伊隆·马斯克(净资产3170亿美元)没有出席。他很可能在得克萨斯州,他的公司SpaceX正在那里准备火箭发射。马克·扎克伯格(净资产:1190亿美元)没有出席,不过盖茨的聚会后的第二天,他宣布了他的元宇宙计划,这是一种虚拟现实,戴上耳机和装备,你就可以不理会现实世界,成为一个虚拟化身,花上一整天去做一些事,比如去遥远的爱琴海岛屿参加聚会,或者登上游艇、乘坐火箭飞行,就好像你是巨富一样。

The metaverse is at once an illustration of and a distraction from a broader and more troubling turn in the history of capitalism. The world’s techno-billionaires are forging a new kind of capitalism: Muskism. Mr. Musk, who likes to troll his rivals, mocked Mr. Zuckerberg’s metaverse. But from missions to Mars and the moon to the metaverse, it’s all Muskism: extreme, extraterrestrial capitalism, where stock prices are driven less by earnings than by fantasies from science fiction.

元宇宙呈现了资本主义史在更广泛层面的一场愈发令人不安的转折,同时也是对它的一种干扰。世界上的科技亿万富翁们正在打造一种新的资本主义:马斯克主义。喜欢挖苦竞争对手的马斯克嘲笑了扎克伯格的元宇宙。但是从火星、月球到元宇宙,都是马斯克主义:极端的、外星的资本主义,在这一体系下,股票价格与其说是由收益驱动,不如说是由科幻小说的幻想驱动。

Metaverse, the term, comes from a 1992 science fiction novel by Neal Stephenson, but the idea is much older. There’s a version of it, the holodeck, in the “Star Trek” franchise, which Mr. Bezos was obsessed with as a kid; last month, he sent William Shatner, the actor who played Captain Kirk in the original series, into space. Billionaires, having read stories of world-building as boys, are now rich enough, as men, to build worlds. The rest of us are trapped in them.

“元宇宙”这个词来自尼尔·史蒂芬森1992年的科幻小说,但是这个概念早已存在。在贝佐斯儿时迷恋的《星际迷航》(Star Trek)系列里的全像甲板就是它的一个版本;上个月,他把该系列中饰演柯克船长的演员威廉·夏特纳送入太空。亿万富翁们小时候读过那些建造世界的故事,现在长大成人的他们已经足够富有,于是就成了建造世界的人。其他人则被困在这些世界里。

Weirdly, Muskism, an extravagant form of capitalism, is inspired by stories that indict … capitalism. At Amazon Studios, Mr. Bezos tried to make a TV adaptation of the Culture space opera series, by the Scottish writer Iain Banks (“a huge personal favorite”); Mr. Zuckerberg put a volume of it on a list of books he thinks everyone should read; and Mr. Musk once tweeted, “If you must know, I am a utopian anarchist of the kind best described by Iain Banks.”

奇怪的是,马斯克主义作为一种奢侈的资本主义形式,其灵感却来自于……控诉资本主义的故事。在亚马逊工作室,贝佐斯想把苏格兰作家伊恩·班克斯(“是我个人的最爱”)的《文化》太空歌剧系列改编成电视剧;扎克伯格把该系列其中的一卷列入了他给所有人的推荐必读书单;马斯克曾发推说,“非要说的话,我是伊恩·班克斯最擅长描述的那种乌托邦无政府主义者。”

Admittedly, it’s possible these men’s sci-fi fandom is so much tech-bro-PR blather, but these are very smart people and you do get the sense they’ve actually read these books. (Mr. Gates, a philanthropist, isn’t much involved in all this. “I’m not a Mars person,” he said last winter. He read a lot of science fiction as a kid but has mostly left it behind, and, full disclosure, he once put a book of mine on a list of gift books for the holidays, so I’m in no position to question the man’s taste.) Muskism, it seems, involves misreading.

不可否认,这些人对科幻的迷恋可能都是那种“技术男”的公关废话,但他们都是非常聪明的人,你能感觉到他们确实读过这些书。(盖茨是一位慈善家,他没有过多参与这一切。“我不是火星人,”他去年冬天说。他小时候读过很多科幻小说,但是现在已经大体上抛在一边了。坦白说,他曾经把我的一本书列在圣诞礼物书单上,所以我没资格质疑他的品味。)马斯克主义似乎包含了许多误读。

Muskism has origins in Silicon Valley of the 1990s, when Mr. Musk dropped out of a Ph.D. program at Stanford to start his first company and then his second, X.com. As the gap between the rich and the poor grew wider and wider, the claims of Silicon Valley start-ups became more and more grandiose. Google opened an R&D division called X, whose aim is “to solve some of the world’s hardest problems.”

马斯克主义起源于1990年代的硅谷,当时马斯克从斯坦福大学的博士项目中退学,创办了自己的第一家公司,然后是第二家公司X.com。随着贫富差距越来越大,硅谷初创企业的主张也变得越来越宏大。谷歌开设了一个名为X的研发部门,其目标是“解决一些世界上最棘手的问题”。

Tech companies started talking about their mission, and their mission was always magnificently inflated: transforming the future of work, connecting all of humanity, making the world a better place, saving the entire planet. Muskism is a capitalism in which companies worry — very publicly, and quite feverishly — about all manner of world-ending disasters, about the all-too-real catastrophe of climate change, but more often about mysterious “existential risks,” or x-risks, including the extinction of humanity, from which only techno-billionaires, apparently, can save us.

科技公司开始谈论他们的使命,而他们的使命总是被夸大:改变工作的未来、连接全人类、让世界变得更美好、拯救整个星球。马斯克主义是一种资本主义,在这种资本主义里,公司非常公开地、相当狂热地担心各种形式的世界末日灾难。他们担心气候变化的真实灾难,但是更常担心神秘的“生存风险”,或X风险,包括人类的灭绝,显然只有科技企业亿万富翁才能将我们从中拯救出来。

But Muskism has earlier origins, too, including in Mr. Musk’s own biography. Much of Muskism is descended from the technocracy movement that flourished in North America in the 1930s and that had as a leader Mr. Musk’s grandfather Joshua N. Haldeman. Like Muskism, technocracy took its inspiration from science fiction and rested on the conviction that technology and engineering can solve all political, social and economic problems. Technocrats, as they called themselves, didn’t trust democracy or politicians, capitalism or currency. Also, they objected to personal names: One technocrat was introduced at a rally as “1x1809x56.” Elon Musk’s youngest son is named X Æ A-12.

但马斯克主义也有更早的起源,包括在马斯克自己的传记里。马斯克主义在很大程度上源自1930年代在北美盛行的技术官僚运动,马斯克的外祖父约书亚·N·霍尔德曼曾是该运动的领袖。与马斯克主义一样,技术官僚主义也从科幻小说中获得灵感,并建立在这样一种信念之上:技术和工程可以解决所有的政治、社会和经济问题。他们自称技术官僚,不相信民主或政治家、资本主义或货币。此外,他们还反对使用个人姓名:一名技术官僚在一次集会上被介绍为“1x1809x56”。伊隆·马斯克的小儿子名叫X Æ A-12。

As a teenager, he read Douglas Adams’s “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”; he plans to name the first SpaceX rocket to Mars after the crucial spaceship in the story, the Heart of Gold.

十几岁时,他读了道格拉斯·亚当斯的《银河系漫游指南》(The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy)。他打算以故事中至关重要的宇宙飞船“黄金之心”为SpaceX的第一枚火星火箭命名。

“Hitchhiker’s Guide” doesn’t have a metaverse, but it does have a planet called Magrathea, whose inhabitants build an enormous computer to ask it a question about “life, the universe and everything.” After millions of years, it answers, “Forty-two.” Mr. Musk says that the book taught him that “if you can properly phrase the question, then the answer is the easy part.”

《银河系漫游指南》里没有元宇宙,但有一颗叫做曼格拉西亚(Magrathea)的行星,那里的居民建造了一台巨大的计算机,然后向它提出一个关于“生命、宇宙和一切”的问题。几百万年后,它回答:“42。”马斯克说,这本书教会了他,“如果你能恰当地表达问题,那么答案就很简单。”

Adams wrote “Hitchhiker’s Guide” in 1977. It takes particular aim at the mega-rich, with their privately owned rockets, establishing colonies on other planets. “For these extremely rich merchants, life eventually became rather dull, and it seemed that none of the worlds they settled on was entirely satisfactory,” the narrator says. “Either the climate wasn’t quite right in the later part of the afternoon or the day was half an hour too long or the sea was just the wrong shade of pink. And thus were created the conditions for a staggering new form of industry: custom-made, luxury planet building.”

亚当斯在1977年写了《银河系漫游指南》。作品尤其针对的是那些极富之人,他们拥有自己的火箭,在别的星球建立殖民地。“对这些富可敌国的商人来说,生活终归是相当乏味的,他们曾在那么多地方住下来,却没有哪里能让他们完全满意,”旁白说。“要么是入夜前一段时间的气候不太合适,要么是白昼多了那么半个小时,要么大海的粉色是错误的粉色。于是就有了一种全新的产业形式:奢华星球定制服务。”

This would appear to be exactly what Mr. Bezos and Mr. Musk are up to, with their plans for the moon and Mars, annexing the planets if they could.

这似乎正是贝索斯和马斯克的登月计划和火星计划的目的所在,如果可能的话,他们也可能会吞并这两个天体。

西安幸福北路一住户玻璃上发现两处“弹孔” 警方已展开调查******

5103154_sqlin_1634736619760_b.jpg

  “10天前玻璃上就发现一个这样的‘弹孔’,没过多久另一间房的玻璃上也出现了同样的情况。”家住西安幸福北路黄河住宅东区6号楼的市民刘女士向三秦都市报热线反映,家里窗户上莫名其妙出现了两个“弹孔”痕迹,让她心有余悸。

  10月20日,记者来到刘女士家中,分别在两间卧室的窗户上找到了她口中的“弹孔”,两处痕迹均为圆形凹陷,中间的洞口直径约有笔尖大小,其中南边卧室向南的窗户玻璃“弹孔”周围已出现裂痕。刘女士说,家里平时只有她和老伴两人,每天一早都会出门转转,晚上在家也没有听见什么响声,完全不知道“弹孔”是什么时候出现的,是10月9日自己在窗户旁边浇花的时候才发现。

  “当天我就拨打了110报警,警察来现场之后拍了照片,没有发现异常,加上窗户玻璃有两层,只是外边那层破裂,他们初步判断,认为可能是弹弓之类工具造成的。”刘女士称,自己2007年入住以来,一直跟小区邻居相处得不错,也没有什么矛盾,加上这间卧室窗户朝南,正对着隔壁楼住户的窗户,就想着可能是哪家小孩玩弹弓打过来的,也没太在意。

  “当时检查了家里只有那一处,19日我在另一间卧室又发现了同样的痕迹。这间卧室带阳台,窗户是朝东的,对面是隔壁楼体的外墙,并没有对着谁家窗户,虽然听说隔壁公园里有人有时候打弹弓,但我家住在6楼,弹弓不太可能从楼下打上来。”刘女士表示,这个小区很多户家里都是退休老人,莫名其妙出现这样的“弹孔”,即使是弹弓造成的也一样很危险。如今自己和老伴在家,都不太敢往窗户前站,生怕哪天被不明物体所伤,希望能早日搞清楚原因。

  随后,记者来到该小区物业了解情况,一位工作人员告诉记者,9日的时候这家住户报了警,警察也到现场来看过,具体情况不太清楚,暂时并没有听说小区内有其他住户出现类似情况。同时,小区的监控只能看到道路情况,至于有没有哪家小孩在窗口玩弹弓、玩具枪,无法做出判断。

  当天下午,公安新城分局回复本报称,10月9日接到报警后,安排了公园北路派出所出警核查情况,出警民警现场勘查未发现弹头,告知报警人系弹弓所致。随后,民警提出带报警人回所进行进一步调查,报警人因时间太晚拒绝,后续再未接到报案。目前,公安新城分局已开展摸排调查工作,将持续关注该情况。文/图本报记者 文晨



来源:三秦都市报

编辑:曹静

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Spartak Trnava back to winning ways after brawl punishment******

BRATISLAVA, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) -- FC Spartak Trnava, whose eight-game unbeaten streak was snapped by a punishment for a brawl involving their fans last week, bounced right back in the 12th round of Slovak football league with a 2-0 win over bottom side FK Pohronie on Sunday.

Trnava's previous game against visitors SK Slovan Bratislava had to be suspended as fans stormed the pitch after 15 minutes, and the game was forfeited 3-0 in favor of the visitors.

In addition to the forfeit, the disciplinary committee of the Slovak Football Association decreed that Trnava would have to play home games without fans. Definitive penalties for both teams will be decided in the coming weeks.

Trnava did not seem discouraged by their punishment and dispatched FK Pohronie with ease, scoring twice in the first half. Not counting the forfeited match, it was Trnava's fifth consecutive game without conceding a goal.

Bratislava remain top of the league with a three-point lead over Trnava after crushing newcomers MFK Tatran Liptovsky Mikulas 4-0 and stretching its winning streak to four. Enditem

喜茶就与杜蕾斯官微互动致歉:已删微博 并无恶意******

(原标题:喜茶就与杜蕾斯官微互动致歉:已删除微博,并无恶意)

李杭本文来源:新京报 责任编辑:李杭_BJS4645

专家谈:系列政策措施有效实施 我国经济企稳回升

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3.博鳌专访|金地蔡戈鸣:三类代建业务有三种不同管理侧重

4.NASA宣布开发下一代航天计算芯片 性能提升100倍

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